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On-neck Candlestick Pattern pdf Guide

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The On-neck candlestick pattern is a two-day bearish continuation pattern where a black candle is followed by a smaller white candle that closes at or near the previous day’s close.
Emerging within a downtrend, the On-neck pattern indicates potential persistence of the bearish momentum despite a brief attempt at a bullish reversal.

How to Identify the On-neck Candlestick Pattern on a Chart:

  1. Trending Context: Begin by identifying a clear downtrend. The On-neck pattern will typically form during bearish market movements.
  2. First Candle: The first day should display a black (or red, depending on the chart’s color scheme) candle. This candle should have a pronounced body, indicating a strong bearish move.
  3. Second Candle: The following day should showcase a white (or green) candle. The body of this candle is generally smaller than that of the first day’s candle.
  4. Opening Gap: The second candle usually opens above the close of the first candle, resulting in a gap.
  5. Closing Level: Crucially, the second candle should close right at or very near the first day’s closing price. Unlike the In-neck pattern where the second candle closes below the previous day’s close, in the On-neck pattern, the second day’s close aligns closely with the previous day’s close.
  6. Volume: While it’s not a stringent requirement, if there’s decreasing volume on the second day when compared to the first, it further accentuates the validity of the pattern. This suggests that the minor bullish move on the second day lacks substantial backing.

Spotting these characteristics on a chart will enable traders to recognize the On-neck pattern, positioning them to potentially capitalize on the continuation of the bearish trend.

Significance and Indications of the On-neck Candlestick Pattern:

  1. Bearish Continuation Signal: The On-neck pattern predominantly serves as an indicator of bearish continuation. When it emerges within a downtrend, it reveals that even though there was a modest bullish effort on the second day, it wasn’t robust enough to change the prevailing bearish sentiment. The alignment of the second candle’s close with the first day’s closing price underscores this persistence of bearish momentum.
  2. Limited Bullish Counter-attack: The second day’s white or green candle suggests that there was some buying interest, possibly due to retail traders perceiving value or a minor influx of bullish sentiment. However, the fact that the gains of the day were entirely or almost entirely erased by the close indicates that this buying pressure is insufficient to reverse the trend.
  3. Tactical Insights: From a strategic viewpoint, the On-neck pattern provides a clear warning to traders who might be considering taking long positions in anticipation of a trend reversal. Instead of viewing the second day’s bullish move as a sign of a potential turnaround, traders should perceive it as a brief pause in the ongoing downtrend.
  4. Volume Confirmation: The pattern’s validity is further solidified if there’s a noticeable decrease in volume on the second day. This suggests that the slight bullish activity lacks significant institutional backing, hinting at the continuation of the bearish trajectory.

For traders, especially those new to the realm of technical analysis, recognizing the On-neck pattern can be a vital tool. It offers succinct insights into the market’s prevailing sentiment, aids in decision-making processes, and can be a beacon signaling the course of the trend in the near term.

Confirmation Tools for the On-neck Candlestick Pattern:

Key Levels (Support/Resistance)The On-neck pattern gains more weight when it forms close to significant support or resistance levels. This spatial context can enhance the pattern’s predictive power.
Break of Low After PatternA break below the low of the pattern, especially the low of the first candle, after formation solidifies the bearish continuation signal.
Volume AnalysisA discernible high volume on the first day followed by a decrease in volume on the second day adds confidence to the bearish bias of the pattern.
Technical IndicatorsConfluence with other indicators, such as a bearish MACD crossover or an overbought RSI, can provide additional validation of the pattern’s implications.

Combining the On-neck pattern with these confirmation tools can enhance the trader’s decision-making process, leading to more informed and potentially profitable trading decisions.

Optimal Trading Conditions for the On-neck Candlestick Pattern:

Best Timeframe:
For capturing significant market shifts and reducing noise, the daily timeframe is generally the most effective when analyzing the On-neck pattern.

Trading Session:
To ensure reliability, identify the On-neck pattern during the predominant trading sessions for the asset in question, such as the London session for major Forex pairs or the New York session for U.S. equities.

Winning Ratio:
When appropriately confirmed with the tools mentioned previously, the On-neck pattern can yield a winning ratio in the range of 58-68%. However, it’s vital to backtest within the specific market of interest to ascertain its precise efficacy.

Remember, consistency in analysis and a disciplined approach to risk management are always key in leveraging the potential of any trading pattern.

Confluence-based Trading Strategy for the On-neck Candlestick Pattern:

  1. Confluence Factors:
    Always seek additional confluence factors before taking a position. These can include trendlines, Fibonacci retracement levels, other technical patterns, or even oscillators like RSI or MACD aligning with the On-neck pattern’s bearish indication.
  2. Entry:
    A robust entry signal is presented when the price breaks below the low of the entire On-neck pattern, especially the low of the first candle. This break confirms the ongoing bearish momentum.
  3. Stop Loss:
    Your stop-loss should be positioned slightly above the high of the second candle. This placement ensures protection against sudden bullish reversals or spikes that might invalidate the pattern.
  4. Take Profit Level:
    A straightforward approach to setting a profit target is using a risk-reward ratio of 2:1 or 3:1 based on your entry-stop loss distance. Alternatively, if another significant support level is visible on the chart, consider using it as your take-profit zone.


The On-neck pattern, when combined with other technical tools, offers traders a concise and potent hint about impending market direction. Recognizing this pattern and deploying a confluence-based strategy can greatly assist in navigating the turbulent waters of trading. As always, ongoing education, backtesting, and risk management remain paramount to achieving consistent success.

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